Monday, June 19, 2017

God Should be Scientifically Explored


June 19, 2017

By Saeed Qureshi

Since universe is all scientific, its origin and founder should be explored through the scientific means and knowledge. The religious explanations about the creation of the universe and existence of the Creator or God are not plausible. Moreover, such views and beliefs drastically differ among the respective religions, faiths and sects. As such these seem to be only a guess work and merely conjecture and irrational.

All natural phenomena from the tiny and invisible sub-atomic particles to the vast galaxies follow certain basic rigid laws which testify that there is a perfect logic and order in the universe. By studying the natural laws in the universe, the inescapable conclusion is that there was an intelligent designer, creator and a great scientist behind creation of all things that exist.

One of the evidence that God is a scientist and the universe is entirely and absolutely a scientific phenomenon can be perceived from the existence of fundamental constants in the unit of electric charge on the proton, on the masses of certain fundamental particles, and from the universal constant of gravitation denoted by letter “G”.

The perfection of the universe can be judged from the fact that If the force between nucleons (protons and neutrons) was a few per cent stronger then the hydrogen, Sun and water would not exist. Much smaller changes in Gravitational Force or pull would turn all the stars into blue giants or red dwarfs. The vastness and constant expansion of the universe at a terrific speed of 70 Kilometers per second also an irrefutable evidence that there is scientific force or God behind all this mindboggling and amazing phenomenon. And that is infinity which means no beginning and no end.

While the scientists have found out the perfect laws of nature and forces, they cannot fathom when the universe came into being as the more we go back, the more the question pops up “what existed before that”.  Man cannot perceive the beginning and end of the universe. However, it can be said that existence and its creation rules are constant while creation like stars, earth and other forms may change from time to time.

The Religious story of creation is given in the first chapter “Genesis” of the Bible. It narrates how God created the world or the universe in six days and on the 7th day he rests. First of all, God created heaven and earth. Then God created light, day and nights, grass, herbs, fruit, evening and morning, then light and seasons, the sea creatures, then evening and morning on the fifth day, then living creatures on earth. After all these creations, God made the man in his image and “breathed in his nostrils the breath of life” and man became a living soul. Thus, the heavens and the earth and all other creations were finished in six days.  God rested on the seventh day. Thereafter God creates man in his own image. Then God created Eve from the rib of Adam. Both were lodged in the garden of Eden. God tells the couple to eat everything from the garden but not from the tree present in the middle of garden. Both remained naked for some time.

The Islamic perception is different about the creation of the universe and human beings in the form of Adam and Eve.  God created the universe by saying “let it be and it became”. Before creating Adam, God told the angles and the chief angel (later Satan) that he was going to create Adam which he did from the clay. After creating Adam, God taught Adam the names of all the creatures, and then commanded all the angels to bow down before Adam. All of them bowed but Iblis( Satan) refused to obey. He argued with God that Adam was from dust while he was from fire which goes up while clay goes down.  God said that what he knows they(angels) didn’t know.  He cursed Satan and banished him from the paradise. He was set free to mislead the human beings till eternity. Thus, God created his own rival.

Eve and Adam started living in the garden. God told them that they could eat everything in the Garden but not the fruit of the tree in the middle. That was tree of the “Tree of knowledge”. However, at the behest of serpent (Islam says Satan) first Eve and then Adam ate the forbidden fruit from the tree of knowledge. Both became knowledgeable to the extent that they saw that they were naked. As a punishment God sends them to earth to a lead life of toil and hardship which is the present world.

This Biblical and Islamic view about the creation of man depict God as not well-informed and also revengeful like humans. The narrative upholds Satan’s prediction that Adam would be sinful.  It also shows that paradise, Garden, angels and Satan (then arch angel) were already in existence before the creation of Adam.

The Biblical and the Islamic accounts state that there was a snake also in the paradise who misled Adam and pursued the couple to eat the forbidden fruit. The snake seems to be more persuasive than God in prevailing on both Adam and Eve. But why a snake was there about whom God was unaware that he would mislead both Eve and Adam.

According to the scriptures God came to know about the violation of his command by Adam and Eve after he saw Adam and Eve Knowledgeable. This happened when God came walking into the Garden, to see the couple who hid themselves. They came out and through a dialogue God came to know that they had violated his command and were knowledgeable for being aware of their nakedness. God punishes both snake and the couple by banishing them from the paradise and sending them to earth.  It should be noted that God who is almighty walks into the Eden garden like the human beings and talks to the couple like a human being.

According to the religious scriptures he let loose his arch enemy Satan, with all the powers to prey upon the human beings till the doomsday. Adam practically doesn’t fulfill the claims and expectations of God that he would spread his message on the earth. While God eulogizes Adam as faithful and sinless and his messenger on earth, his wife was the first to disobey the commandment of God by eating the forbidden fruit.

All these beliefs and stories mentioned in the respective holy books cannot be attributed to God who cannot make a mistake and can be unaware as to when the snake enters stealthily into the paradise and is able to mislead the spouse of Adam. Were both Adam and God almighty not aware that the snake was misleading Hava the wife of Adam? Why in the first-place, snake was present there or why God created the snake in the paradise?

It looks that the scriptures are the creation of early writers among various societies. Most of the stuff is about wars and fighting and stories of the mighty kings. Snake is poisonous on earth and that is why it has been portrayed as an enemy of Adam in the Heavens also. God could have sent Adam on earth without informing the angels and Satan. If Adam is a metaphor for the start of the human progeny then it could have been done in a normal way that being humiliated and thrown on earth.

Understandably no one has created God and therefore he is self-created. But there should be a question as to what existed before God’ self-creation. However, the creator of the magnificent universe is beyond time and space. Religions’ portrayal of God is merely confined to be being omnipotent and omnipresent. If God wanted this earth to be filled with peaceful, pious and obedient people then he could have done that without the assistance of Adam or anyone else. As such the creation of Adam and Satan are the metaphors to justify the tussle between goodness and wickedness.

If it is a test for the human beings to resist and deny satanic teachings then God should have empowered the humans as he empowered the Satan. There cannot be any comparison between the power and everlasting existence given to Satan with the limited life and powers given to the humans.

Therefore, we can discard or overlook the stories given in the holy books about the creation and existence of God. Instead there should be the scientific exploration that would be truthful because the universe is based and founded on absolute scientific principles. Indeed, there is creator who created this amazing phenomenon being run on perfect principles immutable laws such as being fearful and merciful.

God or the creator has never pleaded himself to be the creator. It is through the apostles or prophets who convey to the fellow human beings that there is an absolute authority which should be worshiped, adored and feared for paradise. Even otherwise the creation of universe drives one to a creator.

In the scriptures God has been defined as a powerful king or the ruler. Depending upon their good or bad acts he would award hell or heaven at the end of the system in the hereafter.  The anecdotes and events given in the scriptures are narrated by the human beings on behalf of God. God per say, has never addressed or met the worshippers and the believers himself. It should be understood that God except Hindu, Shinto or Buddhism mythologies has been mostly a male who is defined or addressed as he and never she. 

In Hinduism, Shintoism and some other religions, God has been portrayed in the form of deities each having some kind of trait or features and being male or female. They are portrayed in the form of idol or statues or physical images representing various powers. It is only in the Biblical religions of Judaism and Christianity and also in Islam that God is not presented in the physical form. Islam is against idolatry and physical featuring of God. In Islam, it is absolutely forbidden and is heretic to craft an image of God, because the image restrains the nobility and grandeur and vastness of the ruler of the universe

In Biblical religions, the belief in God is unassailable and beyond inquiry or questioning. The concept of hereafter and new birth after the death is prevalent in all the religions. Judaism, Christianity and Islam believe that there will be hell or paradise to be assigned to the human beings on the day of judgment depending upon the nature of their deeds in this world. In Christianity belied in Jesus Christ as the Son of God is enough for the believers to go to the paradise. Judaism and Islam base man’s salvation upon the good deeds and pious conduct in this world.

These elucidations, teachings and beliefs have been passed on to the human beings by prophets or founders of religions during the past few thousand years. God has been there always and is not bound by time or space. It means that before the emergence of religions, God was still there and therefore the universe as well as God has no beginning and no end. He is eternal.

Notwithstanding the portrayal of God by apostles and in religious books with human traits such as being fearful and merciful, the fact is that the universe is being run on absolute scientific principles and not emotions or sentiments or likes and dislikes. The religious beliefs perceive God as hidden and with attributes of being pleased and annoyed and always focusing on the deeds of the human beings. The moral codes and precepts offered by various religions are not the sound and irrefutable criteria about the creation, existence and continuation of this magnificent order which is not confined to earth only.

Every moment, new stars, galaxies and constellations continuously come into being and older ceasing to exist. As such universe is an emerging embodiment of perfect and absolute scientific laws. The good or bad deeds or hell and heaven and reward and punishment have nothing to do with creation and the creator.

In the known history of mankind, powerful and merciless kings and individuals have been destroying their opponents and enemies. Even in the present modern and enlightened times powerful countries subdue the weaker ones. In the name of religions horrendous pogroms and devastating wars have taken place in which the victors uprooted and wiped of their rivals for land and power. But God seldom invoked his mercy for the victims and wrath for the tormenters.

It shows that human sentiments of kindness, compassion and mutual goodwill which are essential and inviolable beliefs in every religion have seldom been disregarded to attain power and pelf. As such religions portrayal of God in the scriptures, getting pleased and annoyed and maintaining an order based upon moral principles to be judged on the dooms day to be the recipients of paradise don’t seem to be valid. If it is a trial and test of humans then it is an entirely unequal tussle between a powerful Stan and weak and vulnerable humans. God shouldn’t be portrayed as a powerful lord with human habits and customs.

The fact is that God almighty is beyond human comprehension although his existence is proven by the existence of the mindboggling and amazing universe that we see and in which we live. He is beyond sentiments, emotions and feelings as the human are. He is the embodiment of unbounded wisdom and knowledge which is essentially scientific and not religious. But to claim that the moral or immoral codes and beliefs will take them to hell or heaven is subject to logical and scientific scrutiny.

More than the religious laws and do and don’t, the constitutions and regulations crafted by the civil societies create orderliness, cohabitation, peace, advancement of knowledge, civic facilities and converting the inhabitants of the earth into a global community. People follow their respective religions freely though grey spots of religious bias and faith-based conflicts are still there. Thanks to scientific innovations and spread of knowledge the present societies are more prosperous, safer and stable than in the past.





Monday, May 29, 2017

Donald Trump is an Unusual President of USA!


May 29, 2017

By Saeed Qureshi

It is difficult to fathom and define the mindset of president Trump. He is in the habit of blowing hot and cold at the same time. He excels in dishing out contradictory statements: first issuing those and later contradicting the previous ones. One example is Obama Healthcare Plan. After the first debacle in getting the Trumpcare passed by the house, he came out with a stunning denial that as to when did he say that Obamacare should be replaced. It appears as if president Trump wants to undo and demolish of whatever his predecessor president Obama did.

His recent visit to Saudi Arabia is in direct contrast to what he has been saying about Islam. There cannot be more derogatory and repugnant degradation of Islam that what president Trump portrayed before the elections and afterwards. Then he proceeded to Saudi Arabia, the bastion of Radical Sunni Islam to build the bonds of friendship and cohesion between his host country and the USA.  It is utterly unbelievable that while Trump has shown himself to be the strongest and virulent opponent of Islam and Muslims, yet he chose the orthodox Islamic kingdom of Saudi Arabia as the first foreign visit among other seven countries.

The president seems to be in a diplomatic confrontation with Europe and wants to get out of the pacts that have been in place for decades. His plans for reorientation and refurbishing of the economy have yet to be initiated and show results. There is a scare among the immigrant communities mostly refugees who feel that they can be picked up any time by the relevant agencies and deported.

Even his party members are disgruntled about his mercurial behavior blowing hot and cold simultaneously. Nancy Pelosi described the replacement of Obamacare as a “tattoo on the forehead of the Republicans”. His achievements thus far and particularly in the first benchmark 100 days as president seems to be insignificant. His happiness and annoyance over good or not good developments are knee-jerk reactions and convey the childish attitude. At home turf, he is at war with the media and judiciary from day one after assuming office of the president in the White House.

On top of that the president and his colleague are plagued with a plethora of scandals, out of which the latest is about his son in law Jared Kushner which is quite serious and if proven may cause colossal harm to his presidency as well as to his cohorts and even the family. It is for the special committee and the judiciary to find out the nature of the charges. 

President Trump’s 8-day tour abroad seems to be an exercise in futility except inking a massive deal of 250 billion dollars for sale of military hardware to Saudi Arabia. For instance, he is non-committal about global emissions deal. Also, he has criticized NATO allies for failing to meet the defensive alliance's military spending commitment of two percent of GDP.

He neglected to publicly endorse the pact's Article Five, which guarantees that member countries will aid the others they are attacked. It means America may opt out or curtail its commitment to NATO. It might otherwise be financially beneficial to United States but it would embitter America’s relation with NATO partners. Describing German trade practices as "bad, very bad," in Brussels talks last week, he remarked that Europe's largest economy(Germany) sells too many cars to the US. This remark is favorable to the domestic American auto industry. Yet the question is that global trade is mutual. In retaliation, Germany may discontinue or curtail the import of the American goods or products.

In response to Donald Trump’s, criticism of major NATO allies and his refusal to endorse a global climate change accord, German chancellor Merkel said that “the days when Europe could completely count on others were over”.

Trump’s National Security Advisor Retired Army Lieutenant General, Michael T. Flynn resigned for misleading Vice President Mike Pence about the nature of his telecommunication contacts with the Russian diplomats. It is a serious issue and an inquiry has been instituted against him. Flynn served briefly as Trump's national security adviser before being fired in February this year.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions is under intense scrutiny for his alleged contacts with Russian government officials during the 2016 Presidential election. He has stepped aside from “any existing or future investigations of any matters related in any way to the campaigns for president of the United States” and until the completion enquiry.

But on top of all these crises a recent bombshell has rocked the entire country. It is about Jared Kushner; the son in law of the incumbent president of the United States. On May 26, 2017, The Washington Post reported that U.S. intelligence officials had, in the course of monitoring Ambassador Kislyak in December 2016, overheard him relaying to Moscow a request from Kushner to establish a "secret and secure communications channel" with the Kremlin using Russian diplomatic facilities. It is perceived that “Kushner was under investigation by the FBI as part of the larger investigation into Russian interference in the election”. in his several tweets. President Trump, has dubbed the leaks about Kushner as "fabricated lies,"

The Senate Intelligence Committee, which is investigating Russia's meddling in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, has requested information and documents from Trump's campaign dating back to July 2015; the AP and other news outlets confirmed.

In the meantime, the Democrats in Congress have demanded to hear directly from top White House adviser Jared Kushner over allegations of proposed secret back-channel communications with Russia. They also demanded revocation of the security clearance of President Donald Trump's son-in-law.

All these developments indicate that both domestically and globally president Trump is faced with a host of scandals and serious issues. While the issues concerning NATO and climate change may be detrimental to the relations between Europe and America, the local multiple inquiries may turn out to be extremely damaging to president Trump, his presidency, his cohorts and some of the family members. The issues of his sexual pursuits and Tax Returns may be revived

It is commonly believed that by firing the F.B.I. director, James B. Comey president wanted to stop the FBI’s investigation about the allegations of Trump’s elections team with Russia. Some legal experts have termed it as obstruction of Justice.

It is also believed that president Trump doesn’t fit into the mold of a sagacious leader as to exercise restraint and diplomacy in his remarks and decisions. It ought to be an utmost and crucial urgency for president Donald Trump and his administration as well as the retinue of advisors and cabinet members to reset their sails of governance. Instead of embarking upon the path of belligerency and confrontation and vitriolic rebuttals, they should be moderate, sober and accommodating and rather discrete. They should lower and soften their headstrong outbursts and uncalled-for rebukes and retaliations.

But all said and done, president Trump can still win the reelection as the 70 percent white population is with him and their vote bank can bring him back in the White House.















  

  

Book Launching Ceremony at the Crystal Banquet Hall Plano

May 28, 2017
Reported by Saeed Qureshi
The much-awaited launching ceremony of the Book “The Evolution of Mankind” English version finally came off on the evening of May 25, 2017, at Crystal Banquet Hall situated in Plano, Texas. It was quite a colorful and dignified evening with an impressive galaxy of guests including families and children. Snacks and Tea were served to the guests. The proceedings were conducted by Mr. Azad Khan of Radio Azad, a showbiz celebrity and gifted Radio and TV anchor.
“The Evolution of Mankind” Urdu version is authored by Muhammad Akhtar Chishti who arrived here from Pakistan to participate and grace the unique occasion. This voluminous edition (674 pages) has been translated into English by Saeed Qureshi a member of the community and a senior journalist. The English version consists of 547 pages.
The credit of getting this book edited, published and publicized goes to another journalist and columnist Mr. Shah Alam Siddiqui and his daughter Urooj Alam Grundmann. Without their assistance and collaboration, this book would have remained confined to merely in Urdu form.
But I want to pay my heartfelt, sincere and warmest tribute to the esteemed Khaliq Qureshi Sahib who was solely instrumental in financing this praiseworthy project. Originally this book was written in Urdu, the national and official language of Pakistan. He is the one who motivated Saeed Qureshi to translate it in the English Language. It took Mr. Chishti over 6 years to write and publish this book in Urdu. The book became the most sought-after its publication. Its popularity can be gauged from the fact its Urdu edition was sold and that it is kept by most of the libraries in Pakistan.
In one of his visits to Pakistan Mr. Khaliq Qureshi saw this book and went all the way to the residence of Mr. Chishti in district Sialkot to meet him and compliment him on writing such an amazing book that narrates as to how the human beings and progeny of Adam spread over the earth particularly after the deluge of Prophet Noah that covered the earth as mentioned in Quran and Bible. Notwithstanding the scientific theories about the evolution of mankind, this book reflects the theological perspective and religious belief of the Jews, the Christians, and the Muslims.
At his expense, Mr. Khaliq Qureshi invited the author Mr. Chishti twice to Dallas. This is the second visit of the author to grace the inauguration ceremony of this wonderful book.
Mr.. Khaliq Qureshi wanted this book to be translated into English in order to broaden its scope and sphere of readership. He entrusted this onerous yet crucial job to Saeed Qureshi, a journalist and columnists for over two decades both in Pakistan and the United States. This scribe (Saeed Qureshi) took almost 18 months to render the Urdu script into the English version. A such the English version of the book Evolution of Mankind was launched and introduced on the evening of May 25.
Among the worthy guests who graced this unique occasion by their presence, inter-alia, were Dr. Harbans Lal, Dr. Amir Suleman the founder of the famous literacy Association: “Urdu Ghar”, Syed Iqbal Haider a poet and formerly a TV celebrity in Pakistan, Syed Ijaz Yunus a poet laureate of Dallas, Farooq Khan, a humanist and an excellent English poet, Javed Samuel a wonderful socialite and friend and his gracious wife.
Besides those who attended the launching ceremony were Mr. Andrew; the son-in-law of Mr. Khaliq Qureshi. Mr. Suleman a worthy and senior community member and his noble wife also graced this unique assemblage. They were recently married.
The promoter and financer of this splendid project Mr. Khaliq Qureshi, its author Muhammad Akhtar Chishti and the translator Saeed Qureshi were given the honor to be seated on the stage. They expressed their feeling and views about the book and how they surmounted the bottlenecks to bring this unique book to its present form.

Friday, May 19, 2017

Fabulous Urdu Mushaira hosted at the residence of Dr. Amir Suleman


May 14,2014

Reported by Saeed Qureshi

A heartwarming and intellectually stimulating Urdu Mushaira (poetry recital session) was held on the evening of May 13 at the residence of Dr. Amir Suleman. Most of the local poets were in attendance on this auspicious occasion. Dr. Amir lives in a palatial mansion with his gracious wife and wo young kids. He is the founder of the famous literary society known as “Urdu Ghar” in existence now for several years.

This enjoyable and thought -provoking sitting continued until midnight. The occasion was convened in honor of Dr. Taqi Abidi, a reputed and internationally known scholar and researcher on Urdu literature and poetry. Dr. Taqi enjoys the distinction of being the author of several books on various themes including the Urdu poetry and literature and its historical perspective.

Iqbal Haider a well-known poet with a marvelous background of having worked in Pakistan Television presided over the function. Eminent poets mostly members of the Urdu Ghar were the participants in the Mushaira. The poetry on the whole was soul stirring and the audience enjoyed it immensely. The Mushaira sitting was preceded by a sumptuous dinner. The food was plentiful and was excellent by way of variety of dishes and taste.

Dr. Amir and his wife have hosted many similar literary sittings at their house and each sitting leaves its pleasing mark on the guests who certainly aspire to be re-invited for the pleasant and homely atmosphere, cordiality and good will that Dr. Suleman and his honorable wife demonstrate to the invitees each time. One would expect that such literary gatherings would keep happening from time to time to keep the glow of literary culture of Urdu language alive.

The local poets who participated in the Mushaira are: Dr. Amir Suleman, Naheed Shad, Zohra Chishti, Farhan Syed, Masood Quazi, Mnazoor Quazi, Yunus Ijaz, Iqbal Haider and myself (the reporter)

 

Wednesday, May 3, 2017

The Negative Politics of the Opposition Parties in Pakistan


May 1, 2017
By Saeed Qureshi
The next general elections in Pakistan are due to be held within three months after June 4, 2018. It means that hardly a year is left for the incumbent government of the PMNL to remain in governance. Right or wrong the PMNL came into power through an established democratic process. Let is complete its constitutional tenure in office for the remaining period. It is certain that the incumbent prime minister of Pakistan Mian Nawaz Sharif would not contest elections in 2018.
If the opposition is so committed to root out corruption from Pakistan and arraign Mian Nawaz Sharif and his two sons as a result of Panama leaks then the best time would be to win elections against the PMNL and initiate legal inquiry against the family’s offshore accounts. Similar action can then be taken against Mian Shahbaz Sharif the younger brother of the prime minister and incumbent chief minister of Punjab province.
Imran Khan has been targeting solely Mian Nawaz Sharif and his family for the past several years for misdeeds and monetary corruption, as witnessed by his fiery speeches and prolonged Dharnas (sit ins) in Islamabad. Imran Khan has made several attempts to dislodge Nawaz Sharif or to force him to resign. Yet somehow Mr. Khan’s campaigning didn’t click in his favor. In the local elections and those in Azad Kashmir PTI lost badly. It demonstrated that notwithstanding his tall claims and impracticable revolutionary slogans, the people didn’t vote for Imran Khan.
The latest divided verdict of the supreme court allowing Mian Nawaz Sharif to remain in his seat is another setback for Imran Khan to force the prime minister to resign. Overall it looks as if Imran Khan has personal grudge or vendetta or some hidden agenda against Mian Nawaz, his brother and even the entire family.
But while Imran Khan has come to be known as a stubborn and unbending foe of Mian Nawaz Sharif, the other political parties of late have also joined the fray and started harping on the anti-PMNL and anti- Mian Nawaz tunes and his resignation on the basis of corruption.
The PPP whose whole lot is composed of corrupt individuals both morally and financially is also demanding prime minister’s ouster for bad governance and for financial malpractices. This demand has come particularly from Asif Ali Zardari the co-chairman of the PPP who himself is known as the embodiment of corruption and hoarding wealth through every conceivable means. Someone has so aptly remarked recently that if Mr. Zardari is raising voice against corruption the it is the sure sign of the imminent coming of the “Doom’s Day”. 
The religio-political party Jamaat-Islami has always remained a sidelined political outfit. It has been variously indulging in street politics and pursuing a political culture of denial.  It opposed the creation of Pakistan and has never accepted its existence. Its present leadership has fallen back on the old tunes. 
Its leaders are making aggressive speeches against the federal government and highlighting peoples’ day to day problems such as water and power shortage and bribery etc. Someone may ask them is this corruption solely created by PMNL or the socio-economic problems have never been there in Pakistan?
If the JI holds the PMNL responsible for people’s sufferings because of poor governance and shortage of basic amenities then it is merely a blame game and fishing in the troubled waters. Otherwise the fact is that the PMNL despite its shortcomings has been going extra mile to improve the living conditions of the people.
The religious and sectarian parties and groups are also accusing the PMNL government for all unethical and unislamic demeanors and thus demanding its way-out. On top of it the “Dawn Leaks” issue has surfaced. Even if Dawn issue has some truth then it doesn’t mean that the federal government was responsible. It seems as if the entire political lot of opposition wants the army rule or martial law to be imposed. They don’t seem to care if as a result of that happening a political culture and the democratic process that started after the exit of Pervez Musharraf would be nullified. That would be a bad bargain.
Let the judicial system take its course as far as Panama Leaks and Dawn Leaks issues are concerned. Pervez Rashid the PMNL information minister and Tariq Fatimi the advisor on foreign affairs have been removed. The necessary action against other officials and journalists responsible for this fiasco has been taken.
The point that I want to emphasize is that because of these peripheral issues, the ongoing process of democratization should not be derailed. It would be a colossal loss and a grievous set back to the democratic and political process that is somehow in place for several years and should be allowed to remain on the track.
In the meantime, let the inquiry committee ordered by the supreme court should further probe about the wealth and belonging and properties of not only Sharif family but others publicly known corrupt people. Thereafter depending upon the outcome, the prime minister may step down. But while such an inquiry is essential in case of Sharif family then it should also probe the corruption and offshore assets of all the politicians to clear the country of such a curse.
The next general elections must be held on schedule. If in the meantime army steps in, the efforts starting from PPP government to the present to keep uninterrupted march of democratic culture would be nullified. The country would again come under the military boots and no one knows how long that army rule would continue.
As such the best and legitimate option for the politicians in the opposition of PMNL is to prepare for the nationwide elections due to be held in 2018 and try to come into power from the democratic door and not from the backdoor.
In the meantime, let CPEC be completed. No party or any government is more earnest and desirous about the completion of this milestone project than the PMNL. I would reproduce from the Wikipedia the summary of the benefits that would accrue to Pakistan once this gigantic project is completed:
“China–Pakistan Economic Corridor also known by the acronym CPEC) is a collection of infrastructure projects currently under construction throughout Pakistan. Originally valued at $46 billion, the value of CPEC projects is now worth $62 billion. CPEC is intended to rapidly modernize Pakistani infrastructure and strengthen its economy by the construction of: modern transportation networks, numerous energy projects, and special economic zones. On 13 November 2016, CPEC became partly operational when Chinese cargo was transported overland to Gwadar Port for onward maritime shipment to Africa and West Asia.
A vast network of highways and railways are to be built under the aegis of CPEC that will span the length and breadth of Pakistan. Inefficiencies stemming from Pakistan's mostly dilapidated transportation network are estimated by the government to cause a loss of 3.5% of the country's annual gross domestic product.[7] Modern transportation networks built under CPEC will link seaports in Gwadar and Karachi with northern Pakistan, as well as points further north in western China and Central Asia. A 1,100 kilometer long motorway will be built between the cities of Karachi and Lahore as part of CPEC, while the Karakoram Highway between Rawalpindi and the Chinese border will be completely reconstructed and overhauled. The Karachi–Peshawar main railway line will also be upgraded to allow for train travel at up to 160 km per hour by December 2019. Pakistan's railway network will also be extended to eventually connect to China's Southern Xinjiang Railway in Kashgar. The estimated $11 billion required to modernize transportation networks will be financed by subsidized concessionary loans



  

Sunday, April 30, 2017

Two Magnificent Mushairas in Irving, Texas


April 29, 2017
By Saeed Qureshi

During the ongoing week two marvelous Mushairas (poetry recitation gathering) were convened in Irving Texas under the auspices of “Al-Noor International” founded by Noor Amrohi. Noor Armohi is a literary figure who has to his credit arranging and conducting a trail of such literary and poetic congregation for over a decade.
Noor Amrohi is doing this splendid yet onerous task not for the money and material perks but because of his commitment to promoting Urdu language which is the leading literary and spoken language in the sub content particularly in India and Pakistan. It should be remembered that Urdu is the official and national language of Pakistan.
The first Mushaira was in honor of the local poets and was held on April 28 instant at the Atrium hotel in Irving. It was presided over by Madam Noshi Gillani a celebrated poetess who came all the way from Australia to grace the occasion.
The guest poets and Madam Gillani attended the first day mushaira as mere listeners as it was exclusive to acknowledge and honor the local poets who reside in the DFW region. Naheed Shad a female poetess with exceptional talent in communication and chaste expression was the compere. She had performed her job in an accomplished and highly decent manner that included a brief profile and background of each local poet.
The names of the local poets who participated in this Mushaira are Naheed Shad (who also was the compere), Mrs. Zuhra Chishti, Saeed Qureshi, Iqbal Haider, Dr. Suleman, Masood Qazi, Noor Amrohi and Umar Abidi. The Mushaira was preceded by a sumptuous and multi-dishes dinner.
The second Mushaira categorized as the international Mushaira was held on April 29. It was held at Jack E Singly Auditorium in the city of Irving. It was perhaps for the first in the annals of local Mushairas and literary events that very few seats were vacant and the whole auditorium looked almost filled by the audience including families some of whom came with their children. The Mushaira was wholly sold out except the special invitees and VIPs who otherwise remain instrumental in prompting such literary and humanitarian causes.
Mr. Noor Amrohi himself conducted the proceedings of the second Mushaira with exceptional skill, commendable expertise and poise that he possesses in abundance for such literary assemblages. He is an eloquent speaker and dispensed his role in an entirely professional and graceful manner.
The International Mushaira continued almost until midnight. The audience remained glued to their seats to listen to the poetic compositions of the illustrious guest poets who enjoy international fame and distinction. They were all seasoned and exceptional celebrities in the realm of poetry and their participation is considered to be the touchstone for the success and brilliant image of such literary and poetic congregations,
The name of these luminaries from India are Santosh Anand, Malik Zada Javed and Mazar Bhopali. As already mentioned Madam Noshi Gillani came from Australia while famed literary figure Pirzada Qasim arrived from Pakistan. Mr. Khalid Irfan an illustrious and most sought after poet of humor came from New York. Dr. Shamsa Qureshi who is a local noted poetess and philanthropist presided over the Mushaira. It was also for the first time that a female member of the community was given the honor to preside over a Mushaira of international fame.   
The immense service and role of certain members of the community was acknowledged and highlighted in making these Mushairas a grand success. One such eminent name is Mr. Irfan Ali. He is a thorough gentleman and a sincere and truthful member of our community. I am proud to be his friend and for his being my mentor and guide.       

Saturday, April 8, 2017

Zardari Deserves Appreciation for his Good Deeds


April 6, 2017
By Saeed Qureshi

Asif Ali Zardari the Co-chairperson of the Pakistan People’s Party(PPP) and the former president of Pakistan returned to Pakistan on December 23, 2016. Zardari had left Pakistan for Dubai in 2015, couple of days after he had delivered a hard-hitting speech that seemed to be negatively directed at the Pakistan army and specifically General Raheel Sharif with regard to his retirement.
With the return of Mr. Zardari, the PPP would once again, get a mature leadership. In his absence, the onus of leading PPP fell on the shoulders of his son and scion of Bhutto family Bilawal Zardari. However, Bilawal is too young, naïve and inexperienced in the art of politics and diplomacy. His main drawback is that he is not well-versed with the political culture of Pakistan.

Moreover, He cannot make a speech in the national language of Pakistan Urdu which is the main medium for dissemination of party’s manifesto, plans and policies. In an exploding voice, he simply reads from a prepared text which looks ridiculous. It would have been much in order if, in the absence of Mr. Zardari, a senior member from PPP should have been appointed as the interim head of the PPP. That would have erased the impression that PPP pursues the dynastic culture in the party.
 
Since his return to Pakistan, Mr. Zardari has lambasted the PMNL government in center as well as Punjab. He blamed the PMNL government for neglecting Sindh province which is quite an effective card to reestablish the political clout of the PPP.  The earlier friendly overtures between PPP and the PTI seem to be wrecked because of the irresponsible criticism of PTI chairman Imran Khan against Mr. Zardari and other PPP stalwarts. 

Lately Mr. Zardari has met various politicians including Chaudhry Shujaat, president of the Pakistan Muslim League and former Punjab chief minister Chaudhry Pervez Ilahi. Chaudhry family from Gujarat is a known political adversary of the Sharif family. If Mr. Zardari is aiming at forming a coalition of the political parties to browbeat the PMNL, then such an alliance may not prove to be effective. Perhaps he is aiming at defeating the PMNL in 2018 general elections which by all reckoning PMNL would win. On the face, PMNL and PPP should be natural allies as both have served Pakistan better than others.

It should be kept in mind that Mr. Nawaz Sharif and Zardari are both friendly with China. Mr. Zardari has massive business interests in China. Both Mian Nawaz Sharif and Asif Zardari support CPEC (China Pakistan Economic Corridor). Therefore, in the backdrop of CPEC, China may not encourage Zardari to dislodge Mian Nawaz Sharif by opposing him along with other political parties’ hostile to PMNL.  

Personally, I admire Asif Ali Zardari for his inimitable political acumen and excellent administrative guts. To me he is a maverick who, despite innumerable hostilities and roadblocks on the political path, excelled marvelously both as the chairperson of the PPP and president of Pakistan. He also proved to be a true successor of late Benazir Bhutto in leading the PPP. During his five years’ stint as president, he proved himself to be a superb negotiator with disarming logic and conciliatory skills.

I would not dwell on his insatiable avarice for money and the alleged questionable techniques and dubious tactics employed to gain and accumulate mammoth wealth. Tell me one politician in Pakistan who didn’t exploit his powers and exalted position and remained clean of the corruption, misuse of power in gaining wealth. I would also not delve in the unproven allegations that he is responsible for the murders of his spouse and prime minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto and his brother in law Mir Murtaza Bhutto.

I would simply confine my discourse to his historic and brilliant attainments for Pakistan during his presidential tenure of five years. I would solely focus on the positive side of his personality and performance that is unmatched by most of the presidents and the prime ministers of Pakistan. He is an extremely deft negotiator and possesses compromising disposition for give and take both in politics and business.

Despite being one of the most maligned person, on the national level, he has to his credit a litany of notable achievements for the good of Pakistan and the people. He is the one president who completed his tenure of five years as the democratic head of Pakistan People’s Party. Mr. Zardari made history by making peaceful transition of power.

Instead of hanging on to power on one pretext or the other, he established the democratic tradition by relinquishing the charge of the presidency to his PMNL successor President-elect Mamnoon Hussain. That decision, in fact, fortified the cult of democratic culture which otherwise has been ignored by several other prime ministers, the presidents and heads of political parties.

He voluntarily gave powers to the Parliament, built up consensus on the NFC Award and brought about unanimous passage of the 18th, 19th, 20th Constitutional amendments. These are laudable and historic achievements with no prior examples in Pakistan. Thus, he revived the Constitution of Pakistan in its original form which has been distorted by autocratic regimes.

Asif Ali Zardari adopted the policy of reconciliation and made far reaching decision through consensus and broader understanding among the political forces. During his presidency, he shunned the cult of confrontation with the judiciary and military leadership. Finally, he was the first head of state who gave the much sought after identity to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan.


When Asif Zardari became the President of Pakistan, the forex reserves of the country were $6 billion. When he left the Presidency, the reserves had exceeded $13 billion.In his address to the party workers on his return to Pakistan on December 23, 2016, he sounded quite positive and determined to resolve the issues that he pointed out in his speech















Sunday, March 19, 2017

President Trump in the Midst of Crises


 March 19, 2017

By Saeed Qureshi



President Donlad Trump’s advent in the political arena from an entirely non-political and business background and winning the presidency of the United States is a unique phenomenon. Lately he has owed this brilliant achievement to his Tweeting obsession.  Yet strangely he is engulfed in a massive tsunami and colossal plethora of crises, scandals and controversies. Following the oath taking on February 2 this year, he has already stashed away 59 days out of the first 100 day in office. He is left with 49 days from today onwards to set the things rights. Thus, far president Trump has signed 17 executive orders and 12 memoranda some of which are either challenged or repudiated both by the people and the government agencies. 

The cardinal truth is that Donald Trump is a sincere person but his temperament is not. He is an economic wizard and mostly he has not been politically correct or earnest. Compromise, conciliations or bending backwards are not part of his political strategy or mindset. He excels and relishes in rebukes, retaliations and spurring non-issues as big issues. Once he takes a stand whether right or wrong, he sticks to it no matter what could be the ground realities and consequences.

Even a novice and nincompoop politician would not antagonize the press and judiciary. Yet he went aggressively in denouncing both the media and the judiciary because they differed with his executive orders and projections. United States is truly a democratic state where press, judiciary and other institutions play their roles honestly and truthfully although in Media there are always pro and anti-establishment views. But that is what is required of the media in any country.

Some of these executive orders have become highly controversial and subject to the scrutiny of the senate and the house. The replacement of Obamacare (known as Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act), is already being opposed on countrywide scale through long marches and even otherwise. Of late there is some compromise demonstrated by president himself and his advisors to retain some provisions of the Obamacare in the original draft of their healthcare plan. The Trump administration is deliberating on replacement of Obamacare with the "World's Greatest Healthcare Plan of 2017". This plan has been sponsored by Pete Sessions; the current chairman of the House Rules Committee.  According to Reuter’s report, “Republicans remain deeply divided over their U.S. healthcare overhaul, which is Trump's first major legislative initiative and aims to fulfill his campaign pledge to repeal and replace the healthcare program (known as Obamacare) of his Democratic predecessor, Barack Obama.”

The cabinet appointments have become controversial. Trump’s National Security Advisor Retired Army Lieutenant General, Michael T. Flynn had to resign for misleading key government’s top officials, media and the people about the nature of his telecommunication contacts with the Russian diplomats. Flynn remained as the National Security Advisor just for 24 days which is the shortest in the history of the office.

President Trump’s appointed Attorney General Jeff Sessions had to step aside from any existing or future investigations of any matters related in any way to the campaigns for president of the United States. Attorney General Jeff Sessions came under intense scrutiny after reports surfaced that he had contacts with Russian government officials during the 2016 Presidential election. Neil Gorsuch the newly appointed judge on the supreme court panel will have to go through a grueling session tomorrow (at the Capitol Hill for his confirmation hearings)

Trump’s tweeted allegation of wiretapping of the Trump Tower against his predecessor Barack Obama should have been a non-issue and could even be baseless as being commonly believed. This allegation has put Trump in a tight corner because it is not a small allegation. It is a manifestation of distrust about his successor president Obama. Apparently, nothing could be far-fetched that this allegation which has already been refuted by FBI and other concerned agencies as hollow of truth. It is being conjectured that president Trump hurled this charge to deflect the public attention from other controversial issues

The downslide of president Trump’s package of reforms started with the Immigration Executive Order banning immigrants from 7 Islamic countries which later was reduced to six countries. That put the judiciary and the president face to face with each. Judiciary came to the rescue of the crowds of stranded immigrants on the American airports. Mercifully A federal judge in Seattle James Robart moved to rescue thousands of stranded individuals and families by placing a nationwide block on Trump’s week-old executive order. Despite that, president trump intends to fight back in favor of his immigration ban though by making some minor changes.

The other controversial issues that have surfaced are president Trump’s personal business relations with Russians especially president Putin. His family’s business and the involvement of -president Trump in that is yet another sticking point that might come to fore in due course of time.

Despite transferring his business to his sons and even wife, the questions would be raised if he is still influencing the business in favor of their family and partners. The sex scandals related to president Trump are still on the back burner. But if the affected women pursue such cases there might be another judicial fight to rescue himself from these true or untrue accusations

The most outstanding issue is the hacking of 2016 presidential elections. God forbid if behind the door links of cohorts of the president and even himself are proved then one could imagine the serious consequences emanating from such an outcome. The hacking of the 2016 elections mostly blamed on Russian hackers in favor president Trump is the trickiest issue that could tilt either way.

While wishing president Trump well and his continuation in the prestigious office of the president of United States, one would doubt that all the cases or allegations against him would prove to be false and he can continue with his road map of strengthening America in all respects. In the meantime, let us watch as to what happens to this legal and constitutional battling that might continue for quite some time.  Finally, he should not depend too much on tweeting. This is mostly the pastime of the young generation and should not be overly used to convey political matters and decisions, all the more for the president of a mighty country.  






Sunday, March 12, 2017

Lawrence College Ghora Gali in the Hindsight-Part 2


A Chapter from my upcoming Book: I was Born at Taxila

March 12, 2017
By Saeed Qureshi
Lawrence College is one of the illustrious and the most prestigious residential educational institutions in the sub-continent. The other such educational institutions are Petaro Military College in Punjab, Sarai Aalamgir College in Jhelum Punjab, Petaro in Sindh province and Cadet College at Hasan Abdal near the capital of Pakistan Islamabad.
Lawrence College at Ghora Gali is a place some ten miles short of actual city of Murree and isolated in the maze of thick forests for which one had to traverse an ascending serpentine road on foot. There was another bus stop before the actual stop of Bansra Gali. It was Ghora Gali. Although the college carries the name of Ghora Gali, in effect it is built along the Bansra Gali road which branches off from the main highway between Islamabad and the Murree Hills.
The distance between Ghora Gali and Bansra Gali should be about 6 miles. Being totally unaware of the environment and the real destination. On my first visit for the initial interview I mistakenly alighted at Ghora Gali and went into a forest rest house that was quite far my actual destination. There I was told by someone about location of the Lawrence college. Then I came to know that I had landed at a wrong place.
There was another detour from behind the hills of Bansra Gali than ran through the Murree Brewery buildings destroyed during the 1947 partition fiasco. It was situated between Ghora Gali and Bansra Gali. The burned building still looked silhouetted along the slopes of the ridge. It was steep climb up for about two hours. When one would reach the precincts of the Famous College it would be first the senior school that he or she would see before him. Murree Brewery was later recommissioned and is ever since making Beer which is called “Murree Brewery Beer”.
Lawrence College was one of most sought after educational institutions for the parents for a variety of reasons. It offered serene, healthy and unpolluted atmosphere to the residents. It was panoramic and resplendent with natural beauty. It was isolated from the din and noise of the cities. It was residential and was established in the finest traditions of the British educational systems.
Since 1860 to the present year 2017(157 years) there have been 29 principals of the college. The college is run on the military pattern with houses to be commanded by each house master. The Principal is the head of the institution. Administratively the college is controlled by a Board of Governors. The Governor of the Punjab is the Chairman of the Board of Governors. There is also an executive committee whose chairman is the GOC of the 12th infantry division stationed at the city of Murree.
The college is divided into three sections. Each section is called school and has a separate head, self-contained buildings and a separate geographical entity. Since the whole building network and structures are built on the slope of the mountain ridge, these are in separation physical locations. On top is the junior school that is headed by a female principal. The Preparatory school is in the middle and is run by a headmaster.
The senior section which is situated in the lowest part of the mountain is a much larger building It is also headed by a headmaster. On top is the principal whose office at the senior school section. The classes at the junior school are from I to IV. This section caters for the age group 5 ½ to 9 ½ years and is headed by a Headmistress. In my time, there were 12 mistresses and 4 matrons. It prepares boys for the Preparatory School.
The classes in preparatory school are from V to VII. This section caters for the age group 9 ½ to 12 ½ years and is headed by a Headmaster. There were 8 Masters and 2 Mistresses and Matrons when I served there. At the end of class VII Promotion Examination the students pass out to go into the Senior School, Organization of house system forms the basis of all curricular and extra-curricular activities. The boys develop house affiliation and have a keen sense of competition.
Houses have independent common rooms. They have their organized excursions and inter-house competitions in sports, academics, debates, social activities and plays. The four houses that came into being in 1920 were named after the most distinguished principals. Their names are Witwhick, Wright, Peake, and Walker. In 1973 these names changed to Babar, Iqbal, Tipu and Jinnah that remained in vogue until 2010 when again the previous names were restored. its name was changed to Pine Hills College in 1973, Ghora Gali College in 1979 and then back to Lawrence College Ghora Gali Murree in 1986.
The teaching staff is provided free accommodation within the precincts of the college. Those who cannot cook at home can eat at the Staff Club. The Staff Club provides indoor and outdoor facilities such as snooker and bridge game and tennis courts. Each school has its own catering system with a banquet hall where the students assemble three times in a day: in the morning for breakfast, noon time for lunch and in the evening for dinner. 
The school bus would take the staff members to Murree each weekend for shopping and for a free time to sip tea or eat out at the restaurants. This trek which is all steep ascension for about 6 miles is surrounded by lush green pine hill trees on both sides and replete with breath taking natural beauty. The return downward journey is also steep.
Like most of the houses in Murree Hills the houses, the barracks and rooms, are erected from the wooden planks. There were some houses also made from bricks and stones and offered to the senior teachers. The main buildings are all in the original shape and look majestic and imposing and remind one of the colonial grandeur of the British monarchy and height of glory. There is a specious convention hall for holding functions from banquets to literary events such as Mushaira and debates.
Countless alumnae of Lawrence college attained distinctions and fame in their respective fields later in life.  Some of these luminaries are Gen. Shamim Alam Khan, Lt. Gen. Khan, Zafarullah (former Prime Minister), Khan, Mumtaz Bhutto, Aftab Sherpao, Shahid,Sarfraz Bugatti,Gulgee, Ikram and Ayaz Amir.



Saturday, March 4, 2017

Michael Flynn followed by Jeff Sessions


March 4, 2017

By Saeed Qureshi


It is a soothing news that the U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions has decided to “step aside from any existing or future investigations of any matters related in any way to the campaigns for president of the United States”. He made this announcement at a hastily called news conference held at the Justice Department today.  Attorney General Jeff Sessions came under intense scrutiny after reports surfaced that he had contacts with Russian government officials during the 2016 Presidential election.

Session’s main problem is that he is alleged to have met with Russian senior officials and the Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak in United States during the 2016 elections. It is basically an issue of ethics, truthfulness and integrity that in the first instance why Sessions kept this meeting secret.

Secondly in response to the questions by the press reporters and the other competent authorities, he denied of having any meetings with the Russian diplomats. Then he further changed his stance by pleading that these were harmless contacts and that the security of United States was not compromised during those backdoor parleys.

The relevant questions that come to a layman’s mind are the following:

Did he meet the Russian ambassador during the 2016 presidential elections?

When did he meet?

why did he meet him?

What was discussed?

Has that meeting impacted upon the national interest of United States or the 2016 elections?

Why did he hide earlier that he didn’t meet the Russian ambassador until it was disclosed by the Washington Post?

What can be the implications for him for hiding a high-level meeting with the ambassador of an enemy country and later acknowledging it when it came out?



Meeting clandestinely, with Russians and all the more with diplomats raises many questions as Russia is not a friend or strategic ally of United States. This event also has embarrassed the new administration under president Donlad Trump. Already Trump administration is faced with a host of crises. President’s tongue lashing has been very severe and hard against the media as well the judiciary. The media plays its role objectively, irrespective whether the people in the power corridors were pleased or annoyed.

The American press and for that matter media in any society plays the vital role in highlighting the achievements and drawbacks of the state institutions. Therefore, it acts as a watchdog to safeguard the democratic and constitutional fabric of the society as well as conduct of the rulers, state employees and state institutions.

President Trump’s denunciation of the media as “dishonest” and “enemy of the people” are highly toxic and overly distasteful verdicts about the press and the journalists.

Session’s controversy was preceded by another similar incident involving Trump’s National Security Advisor Retired Army Lieutenant General, Michael T. Flynn. Flynn had to resign for misleading key government’s top officials, media and the people about the nature of his telecommunication contacts with the Russian diplomats. Flynn remained as the National Security Advisor just for 24 days which is the shortest in the history of the office.

Flynn has been replaced by Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster as his new National Security Adviser. President made this announcement today at his Mar-a-Lago getaway in Palm Beach, Fla., where he had been interviewing candidates to replace Flynn.   

While president Trump’s policy announcements, promulgated through the executive orders have either remained unfulfilled or viewed as impracticable, the issue of secret meetings of the two top ranking members of his cabinet is exceedingly serious and fraught with dire fallout.  It might turn to be an “Achilles Heel” for the present administration in case the charge is proved that somehow Russia was involved in the hacking of the 2016 elections in support of Donlad Trump and against his democratic rival Madam Hillary Clinton.

The American press both print and Media have joined hands in painting a totally negative image and unsuitable temperament of Trump as the president of the United States of America. He is under constant scathing censure of the press except Fox Television Channel which favors a radical right leaning administration including the incumbent one, no matter how dysfunctional those could be.

It ought to be an utmost and crucial urgency for president Donald Trump and his administration as well as the retinue of advisors and cabinet members to reset their sails of governance. Instead of embarking upon the path of belligerency and confrontation and vitriolic rebuttals, they should be moderate, sober and accommodating and rather discrete in lowering and softening their headstrong outbursts and uncalled-for rebukes and retaliations.

American Press has seldom been against or critical of any government or individuals unless there are valid reasons and grounds for that. If a leader calls the media as “dishonest” and “enemy of the people”, then he or she cannot expect bouquets of flowers in return.

The press can be rebuked or contradicted when there is a need to correct news reports or editorials or opinion columns. Yet to characterize media and journalists as an assemblage of dishonest people is certainly neither wise nor factual. It is the right and role of the press to criticize and analyze what they believe was right or wrong for the people and the country. But the stigmas of enmity and dishonesty is exceedingly lethal and insidious insinuation.

As far the Russian involvement in manipulating the 2016 American presidential elections is concerned, it would be indeed in the best national interest as well as for the clearance of Trump administration from this blame is to order a high-level probe.  That would help clear the mystery of the backdoor role of the Russians in connivance with the Trump and his associates in winning the 2016 elections. Tagged with this is also the issue of role of the American individuals or groups involved in that yet to be resolved rigmarole.  

The details of the alleged Russian involvement in American elections and even president Trump’s personal links with Russian are yet to become public and be clarified. But if the insinuation proves right then it could be quite embarrassing for the incumbent administration of United States and personally for president Donald Trump