Tuesday, April 17, 2018

Dispensation of Justice is Becoming a Mockery in Pakistan

April 17, 2014
By Saeed Qureshi
The latest string of verdicts handed out by the superior courts in Pakistan convey the message and a kind of impression that the judicial system in being politicized. The superior courts particularly the incumbent bench under the sitting chief justice Mian Saqib rightly or wrongly emits a feeling as if the chief justice and members of various benches have tilted in favor of some politicians and against the others. Otherwise how is it possible that only former prime minister Nawaz Sharif is the only and the leading criminal and culprit and therefore is the recipients of the sentences from disqualification to p0ssble jail terms.
Nawaz Sharif and his cohorts while in power and the family members might have committed egregious financial corruption including flight of the wealth from Pakistan to overseas banks However, it is unbelievable that others in power corridors are not involved in such scams and should be immune from the judicial actions and retributions.
There have been quite a few cases of mega-corruptions, making of assets, selling and buying costly properties, taking grafts and fattening wealth in Pakistan as well as abroad. Yet it seems that they are being treated like the holy cows and untouchables for questionable reasons or grounds.
There have been mega cases of moral, ethical and financial misconduct by many business tycoons and prominent politicians. Yet they are roaming untethered in the length and breadth of Pakistan and free to make foreign tours and remain busy in political arena. In their cases, the judiciary looks the other way and have either refused to entertain those cases or those cases were put in a limbo or dismissed summarily. I am not taking names lest I might be branded for taking sides.  
But the glaring fact is that there are holy cows from among the politicians who enjoy all the liberties and privileges besides their foul mouthing yet they are at large and being treated as innocents.
How long such brand of selective justice would remain in vogue. Could there be possibility or an outlet by which the dispensers of justice can also be questioned about their partisan conduct while dealing with the top-notch politicians and power holders in Pakistan.
Amazingly of late, the incumbent chief justice of Pakistan Mian Saqib Nisar has assumed also the role of an administrator and is making appointments and giving jobs to the individuals on his how volition. He is also making surprise visits the offices, the market places and bazaars and issue orders for arresting someone on the spot for some kind of violations. Those officials who have been sacked remain high and dry and without any legal recourse. Someone among these people may like to challenge the Chief Justice on his spot decisions. But there is no way or legal recourse through which the giving of jobs or sacking the individuals in the public places by a judge or even the Chief Justice can be challenged.
Such kind of arbitrary, spontaneous street justice was done by the Kadis (religious ombudsman) in the Islamic countries in the past.  They were appointed by the kings, caliphs or the despots to nab those who were disobeying them or involved in over- pricing or hoarding etc. This kind of justice was also prevalent to take cover under the religious canopy to sustain a kind of justice that didn’t offer a defense by the perceived offenders. Those people were also lashed in public view.  
As such the incumbent head of the Supreme Court in Pakistan has opted for himself to be a Cadi or Qazi of the olden times and award punishment to those he deems as law breakers. This latest primitive mode of justice adopted by the protectors of law runs in the very face of a government and institutions that are formed through a constitutional process and functions in a civil society.
The task of the superior or junior courts is to interpret law in such a way that it doesn’t look partisan and dominated by the personal liking or disliking of the judges and magistrates. The justices and judges don’t have to roam about the locations and issue orders on the spot for poo civic services or streamlining the traffic etc.   
The formulation and the interpretation of law is of paramount significance for a nation state (not Islamic or despotic) like Pakistan. It is not desirable for the members of the judiciary to become roll-coasters. Instead these luminaries ought to advise about the betterment of laws for the efficient working of the departments such as local governments, lower courts, police, education and medical, law and order and to curb corruption etc. Unless and until there is no overhauling of the departments and their administration betterment, then on the spot or surprise checkup or punishments would be ineffective.
There is a dire need to strengthen the court and the institutional system rather going out in the public by the judges to administer justice and award punishments. This is an encroachment upon the mandate given to the respective local bodies and departments. Such departments can be the local governments, which are mandated to look after the markets, check the prices and adulteration, educational institutions and
other civic bodies.
On the other side, how can justice be delivered in a country where murderers and rapists get away with payment of the blood money or reconciliation with the aggrieved party? This reconciliation is imposed, more often than not, on the victimized party by threats or intimidation. In other instances, a payment as compensation is settled with the harmed side and the courts acquit the villains.
It means that anyone with a heavy purse and a gun can shoot anyone in broad day light and prevent the due process of law by undercutting it with payment of money. The perpetrators of heinous crimes like murder and rape are usually goons with lot of money and therefore laws can be bent if they can pay for blood money. On the contrary a poor guy who injures or even kills someone cannot have such an escape route and therefore languishes in jails for years and finally to be hanged or awarded life sentence.
We have seen that in myriad criminal cases a roughneck forced the weaker party to come to terms and bargain to let the offenders walk their way. Not long ago a high-profile murder case hit the headlines for pretty long time. The flamboyant and defiant son of a super duper feudal along with his equally roguish buddies killed a police officer with impunity. The principal culprit was given death sentence but was later freed after paying the settlement amount with the aggrieved party.
I have been reading about a flurry of such court settlements in which the persecuted party was coerced to state before the court not to pursue the case because they had either pardoned the offenders or had accepted the retribution by way of a handsome amount of money.
There are various glaring factors that hinder the swift, condign and deserving punishment to the criminals and outlaws. It is seldom and unheard of that any rapist even proven was ever punished by a court. The lacuna is the presentation of four witnesses by the female victim as evidence. The production of this evidence is like asking for the moon. As such all the rapists and womanizers remain immune from the   grip of law whether it is civil or the Shariah court.
For the aggrieved party it is absolutely imperative to produce the witnesses who had seen the crime being committed. First of all, it is a tall order for the persecuted party to find out the witnesses because most crimes are not committed in public view. Even if there are people who were onlookers or present at the crime scene they would not pick up the courage to come forward voluntarily or otherwise to be witnesses for a variety of compelling reasons. They would be aware that they would remain under a perpetual spell of fear and paranoid as long as the case is not decided.
Secondly, the cases on our courts take years from start to the end. The witnesses have to appear on each hearing before the court that disrupts their jobs, and other activities of life. One would not wish or prefer to be caught in a grinding gridlock at the cost of disturbing their life and peace of mind. In the courts a witness is harassed, ridiculed and even humiliated by the defense counsels each time for hours. Any individuals even with strong nerves cannot stick to a statement verbatim each time as the prosecution or the defense make every effort to find out contradictions to prove the witness as a liar.
The aggrieved party hires the false or professional witnesses on payment for each appearance in the court. He has to bring them fully protected, take care of their traveling expenses and food etc. Most of the witnesses that are produced in the courts are therefore not genuine.
The evidence is taken after adjudication of case for a pretty long time. By that time even if there were real eyewitnesses would forget the real scenes, the directions, the timings, the faces and blah blah asked by the intimidating and aggressive lawyers. If at all witnesses can be helpful in the trial of a case then on the time of writing FIR their statement should be recorded or at the first appearance of the court. But even in this situation the witnesses cannot get rid of the subsequent appearances in the court that can prolong indefinitely.
But writing of an FIR is a highly technical and legal job. It should not be entrusted to the minions of a police station. In Pakistan getting in an FIR written is a tough ordeal. The FIR is written after settlements of bribe or under the orders from the high ups. The FIR is mostly tainted, written in jumbled up Urdu language and would favor more the stronger party or wealthier parties than the weak or the victimized.
Now the police official who writes an FIR is summoned by the court and he would remain under a constant burden of being questioned by the court and the hostile counsels each time. There should be several cases for which he should be summoned when needed to put up the official outlook. Is he a computer to dish out the correct details about each case and each time?
In the face of all these stumbling blocks and irritants for dispensation of speedy and fair justice, I suggest the following corrective measures:
1.            Changes should be brought about in the legal system that should encourage more litigants to use an expedited court process, as opposed to arbitration.
2.           The writing of an FIR should be handed over to the trained magistrates who can have his or her office within the precincts of the police stations or an independent office adjacent to a police stations.
3.           The FIR registration officer should not hesitate or defer the writing of the FIR. Even an FIR from both sides can be recorded.
4.           A time frame should be fixed for every case to be adjudicated and verdict announced even if it is to be done on daily basis.
5.           The condition of producing witnesses should be dropped as it does not serve the actual objective of dispensing justice because as explained above, in most case the witnesses are paid and hired to appear and briefed what to say.
6.           Instead the circumstantial evidence and forensic findings should be considered enough evidence. The Witnesses are usually produced mostly in criminal cases present at the time of occurrence of crime. In case of civil suits like property, money transactions the witnesses are mentioned on the written deals. In such cases the tainted or tutored evidence fed by a lawyer may not work.
7.           In case of witnesses, the parties concerned should bring them along at the time of reporting the case or on the first day in the courts. They should be questioned by the lawyers on the same day and then liberated from future appearances. The FIR or reporting center should remain round the clock.
8.           We have seen in Pakistan that despite incontrovertible evidence captured in a video or Television coverage, the justice is delayed and law is not allowed to take its course. So primarily it is the mindset of the judge, the tricks of the attorneys and the faulty system that delays and determines the outcome of a case irrespective of the merits. As such strict honest and rigid ethical uprightness should be the yardstick in the appointment of judges. The review committees or the appellate courts should have the authority to criticize and even fire the judges whose conduct looks suspicious, biased or unprofessional.
9.           The colonies and dirty cabins of the lawyers and sellers of the official stamps or documents around the court buildings should be disallowed. Instead of operating from the makeshift booths they should be lodged in proper offices and the court authorities should check their working conditions. The touts around the court premises should be barred from pursuing their nefarious role. The stamp papers sold by the contractors can be even counterfeit. These should be replaced by the court fees and other official charges to be directly deposited in a bank or in treasury. In America the fees are collected by at counters located within the court premises.  
10.        Our court buildings are rundown, broken stairs, with walls full of dirt and stains of betel nut (pan). The design of the court buildings has to be changed so that in one building all the relevant courts can be accommodated. Designs and plans of court buildings can be copied from the United States or western countries. We have seen these buildings to be immaculately organized, clean, dignified, functional elevators and the court rooms fitted with all the modern gadgets and facilities like fountains of drinking water. We can make similar set up in Pakistan.
11.         It would also be in order to send out jurists and judges and other members of judiciary to witness the courts proceedings in advanced societies. There is a dire need to streamline and update our justice and judicial system in Pakistan that presently looks a mockery and negates the dispensation of unalloyed and true justice. Besides court rooms should have sitting facilities out, security and water fountains etc.
12.        In one of the counties in Texas, USA I have seen around 30 courts in one building for different hearings. There is no noise or din or chaos anywhere.  There is county, municipal and the immigration courts. There are no touts or people shouting at each other around the courts with broken benches and seats. There are no separate colonies for judges as we have in Pakistan. Judges live like ordinary citizens in the cities, drive their own cars and attend the courts. The judges are always in the radar or under the watch for any kind of misconduct.
13.        Mobile courts and not individuals should be established to catch the culprits on the spot and award the punishment. These courts can also deal with the eradication of social evils as theft of power, adulteration, rape, cheating, false documentation, maltreatment of the citizens in the government and private departments and similar felonies. These courts can make spontaneous decisions or refer the cases to the higher courts. That would serve the imperative of swift justice and save the litigants from the big hassles and unnecessary spending.
14.        The mobile courts have to be equipped with the appliances as computers and small labs for testing the adulterated food items on the spot. If swift legal action is needed then it shouldn’t be the chief justice but magistrates with a posse of police force who should make surprise visits in all the bazaars, shopping areas and restaurants to check the prices of food items and announce punishments on the spot. They can visit also the hospitals for spurious and expired drugs, used equipment etc or for unhygienic conditions or negligence by the hospital staff. The electricity and water thieves can be awarded punishment on the spot in front of the other officials touring with a judge or the magistrate.
15.        The rapist and molesters should never be allowed to escape under the Hadood laws or for being influential persons. The eyewitnesses’ condition is irrelevant and unreliable. The forensic and DNA evidence can conclusively determine as to who committed the offence or the crime.
16.        Even otherwise the victims, their families and the people in the area know about the culprits and perpetrators of the crime. So, on the spot all information and evidence can be obtained that takes years for the lawyers to establish and still in many cases the culprits walk away unpunished.

Sunday, April 15, 2018

Let There be a Grass-root Revolution in Pakistan!

April 11, 2018
By Saeed Qureshi
My heart bleeds for my countrymen living in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. I am confounded why they have to suffer so much. The country is in a state of complete paralysis. The people are caught in a trance of bewilderment as if they have been bewitched or are under the spell of evil spirits. The life in Pakistan for the teeming majority is miserable.

Pakistan is not in Africa yet the life is no better than that far flung continent, used by the human traffickers to provide raw manpower for nascent America. Africa has remained steeped in pathetic quagmire of ignorance, humiliation and degradation. The black pigment was touted by the cunning and diabolic white masters to be a symbol of slavery and sub-human species.

But Africa is in the throes of a gradual awakening. Despite intrusions and civil wars engineered by the colonial masterminds, the African countries are demonstrating signs of resistance against the latest western onslaughts to keep them subservient to their economic interests. 

Africa is replete with untapped natural resources. From Sudan to the ultimate brinks of western Africa, a wave of self-realization and self-dignity has started sweeping. The despicable, polygamous and lecherous monarchs are in a state of retreat.

The change is visible in empowering the people and forming representative governments. It would be too early to expect a miracle or rapid switch from autocracies to unalloyed democracies. But the change is in the offing. Africa’s future is glorious. Africa in the next century, by cautious reckoning, would be studded by modern states with their concomitant features such as adult franchise, the dignity and power of ballot, the monumental economic milestones, the establishment of modern cities.

 The so called Dark Continent would take giant leaps in education and healthcare, the cure for diseases, the prosperity in place of poverty and hunger and the realization of the most cherished goal of creation of civil societies. So much for the hibernating and slumbering Dark Continent not in terms of the color of the people but by the atrocious and pervasive decadence of millenniums.

Pakistan a modern state carved out of the Indian subcontinent for the Muslims to live a peaceful life is receding into a cesspool of suffering for its people. It is a society where hunger, grinding poverty, spiraling insecurity, aberrations of unemployment, pollution, crimes, civic mess, injustice, stalk the land. 

For six decades of its existence it has remained caught up in an unremitting and swelling decline. One wonders why this country in the reverse gear of progress is. Whatever hope and modest livable conditions the people initially had, are fading.

I do not have enough endurance in me to see the heart-wrenching scenes of people aimlessly wandering in the streets with the agony and stress writ large on their faces because of the nightmarish power outages and interminable blackouts that invariably take place many times round the clock. 

It would be superfluous to enumerate the debilitating fallout of power breakdowns on the human mind, psychologies, moods, sensibilities and resistance of the people. A nation is turning paranoid with twin phobias: one about the uncertainty of electricity’s coming and the second about its going. Add to this frightening situation the burgeoning terrorism and killing for extortion that have snatched their peace of mind.

Of late, on the television, I have seen crowds of people sleeping in the open spaces, on the roads and pavements in a state of anguish and helplessness and under a specter of looming insecurity. A nation is sleeping in unguarded places to beat the stifling suffocation, unbearable heat and humidity of the sizzling summer in summer and biting cold in winter without caring for the bomb blasts, target killing, robbing at gun points and rape.

Just imagine the degree of despondency that is breeding indifference to even one’s own life. I am talking about the human miseries and not the colossal commercial and industrial losses and its disastrous ramifications on the national economy.

The school going children from the poor families starve and cannot have enough food to eat. They do not have access to easy and safe transportation to reach their schools and colleges. The ramshackle, stuffy Suzuki vans and clumsy buses lacking proper seats, or such necessary comforts as heating or air-conditioning commute between destinations with passengers perched on top and on all sides. The young kids both boys and girls are exposed to falling off or sitting in the company of vile individuals.

The streets and roads are full of nauseating stench and pollution of animal refuse, the smoke emitting and shrieking vehicles, the overflowing sewers and open drains choked with filth and garbage. The ancient cities of Pompeii, Baghdad, and of Pharaoh’s eras were even much better in civic management than the cities of Pakistan.

The offices, the bazaars, the houses, the lanes, the shopping centers and the space between sky and earth, remains covered with the thick layers of smoke and dust that wards off oxygen and obstructs the breathing in a fresh and pure air. 

The young kids from the indigent families cannot afford education and therefore have to work in workshops as apprentices, conductors in public transport and on similar menial jobs. The budding flowers of the nation remain vulnerable and easy targets of molestation and abuse by their masters.

The residential religious seminaries present the worst scenarios. It is hard to believe that the students residing in these fortified religious citadels would be safe from the abuse of their sturdy custodians. They lose the significance of moral dignity, propriety and inviolability of human body. 

They fill their stomachs with the charity food sent or donated by others. When they grow up they themselves, in the footsteps of their molesters, continue that loathsome practice with the students under their morbid supervision.

Barring the costly bottled water, no water is safe for drinking in Pakistan. Most beverages are adulterated. Most food items are not pure. Can one imagine that in the water scarce areas of Pakistan, the humans and animals drink alike from the same highly polluted pond filled with rain water? No wonder they develop deadly and incurable diseases.

The runaway children from starving families roam and loiter in cities to be seduced or forcibly whisked away by hardened sex offenders or by the heartless criminal gangs or by those who would keep them in forced bonded labor or sent for bomb blasts assignments.

The women are targeted and raped with willful abandon. There is no recourse or remedy for them to seek justice. The police catch the people sitting in public parks, take grafts forcibly or lock the citizens for no reason. The women in police custody or other law enforcement agencies seldom come unscathed from sexual abuse.

There is a one-page official form called FIR (the first investigation report) cannot be written unless the SHO (the station house officer), commonly known as inspector agrees. The format of this form was prepared during the colonial rule and still no change has been made in that. Writing of an FIR comes on a heavy graft or on the order of a dignitary. 

The process of justice from FIR to the final outcome takes countless twists and years making a mockery of the legal system. The judges, the magistrates, the lawyers, the touts in between are engaged in a vicious game of catching the justice system on the wrong foot.

The scale of corruption, bribery and financial scams is alarmingly widespread. The malfunctioning in every government department with corruption as the leading vice is no secret at all. The addiction of making illicit buck and exploiting the voiceless citizens is in the veins of every person in an authoritative position, be it a small clerk or a member of the parliament or even the ministers, prime minister and president of Pakistan.

Literacy, education, research, social decency, a tolerable civic life, and a civilized environment are all far cry in the chaotic and perennially troubled Pakistan. The religious preachers keep their eyes closed on country’s deformities and real fiendish problems. 

They push the people towards the age of barbarianism and primitive cave life and force them to perform rituals and meaningless traditions devoid of real spirit of religion. The Religion has become a robust and ensured means of exploitation in the name of God and fear of hell and pleasures of paradise.

Let me take a break to compare this abysmal spectacle with the societies where people enjoy civic and social peace. Let us take the American society. This comparison should, in fact, be deemed as a contrast. The first glaring hallmark is the order and discipline that runs in the arteries of this society, like the healthy blood in a human body. The law is equal and stringent and is for all.

The laws are humane yet inviolable and operate within the limits set by the society and the constitution. There is no large-scale infringement of the law but if there is, the law ultimately prevails. Everyone from the president, to senators to congressmen to governors is exposed to well-integrated and efficient network of oversight and accountability.

The detractors or cynics may like to point out the social freedom that they call moral laxity as a stigma on the western societies. But choice to enjoy is left to one’s own discretion as a part of human freedom and is observed in very strict conditions. By comparison the vice is more rampant and beyond law in our societies than what one can observe in the United States.

It’s my observation that in USA the violators are vulnerable to condign punishments. The pub, clubs and selling of liquor are prohibited near educational institutions. Smoking inside the dwellings, the offices and in restaurants is completely banned. There is no or insignificant nepotism, no culture of graft here.

From getting a driving license, mowing a lawn, seeking a job, the construction of a house, to setting up of a factory, there are hard to bypass yet easy to follow regulations. If you qualify you will get the needful done readily. There is a portfolio of social security nuts ranging from the healthcare insurance to old age benefits, to free food, to unemployment allowance to pro-bono (free) legal service. The rights and obligations in this society go hand in hand.

The utilities and public amenities from the supply of clean water to electricity, to drainage, seldom malfunction. The services such as payments of bills, mail distribution, requesting emergency health or security help are dispensed immaculately. 

For deserving students, both either by virtue of low income or academic excellence, there are funds available. The environmental purity is so jealously guarded that literally, not a blade of grass can grow or removed without the prior permission of the city government.

This is not to deride or belittle my own country of origin in any manner. What I wish to drive home is that we can transform our societies into people friendly societies with reasonable order and creation of safety nuts for the people. What is lacking is the intention to do so. The privileged, the elite and the aristocratic classes are above and immune from the sea of suffering of the common masses in Pakistan.

With slick cars, the palatial mansions, the hand folded army of the servants, high profile jobs, money minting lucrative business at their disposal; these blood sucking segments in Pakistan are least bothered about the people teetering on the brink of colossal human tragedy, poverty and deprivation.

As such, let there be an all-embracing Civico-Social revolution. Notwithstanding the moot question as to who will lead this revolution, the movement for change can be spearheaded and sustained by the civil society upholders, the conscientious yet valiant individuals, the NGOs, the educated segments and individuals, the intellectuals, the rebellious, the zealous, the students and all aspirants for the change.

This diverse assemblage of proponents for change should mobilize the vast majority of underdogs like ordinary workers, the impoverished peasants, the victims of police and institutional injustices, the teachers and all those who want an egalitarian, welfare and a civic cum civil society.

They should come out of their homes and trigger an earth-shaking upheaval for their rights to live as equal and honorable citizens. They should besiege, waylay, and chase the power wielders, the privileged thugs, the corrupt and immoral government functionaries. They should assail the houses and mansions of the rulers and decision makers, snatch their cars, houses and force them to open their coffers of wealth to be distributed among the needy public.

A people’s revolution is desperately called for: not like a socialist or communist revolution but a genuine grass root raucous shake-up that should compel the imperial and licentious minority classes to behave. It’s time for the people of Pakistan to shed their helplessness and raise a hurricane by snatching their rights to live a life brimming with, order, dignity, equality, freedom, justice, accountability, civic galore, and with the radiance of a civil society.

The oppressed classes should mobilize themselves for a society where molestation of a minor carries life imprisonment as in the United States of America, where justice is inexpensive and accessible and where worship of God is free for all faiths. Where the judges of the superior courts don’t take sides and become partisan for this side or that side. This is what peasants of France achieved in 1789 known in history as the French Revolution.

Friday, April 6, 2018

Rape and Molestation of Young Children in Pakistan

April 6, 2018
By Saeed Qureshi
 There is an unremitting flurry of gory incidents and happenings in Pakistan about the molestation of minor children both boys and girls. The most diabolic dimension of this most and despicable crime is that the heinous perpetrators not only dishonor, molest and rape the innocent and helpless children but either kill them to eliminate the evidence. If they deist from killing they frighten to retaliate if their victims tell anyone about that most insidious crime.
In 2015 a ring of satanic individuals in the Pakistan’s city of Kasur dishonored a staggering number of 280 very young boys and girls. How in a bustling city a group of devils had continued their diabolic activity is a question that intrigues and bludgeons the mind. The whole country had gone through state of shock and shame. Since Islam ordains three witnesses to prove the crime, they must have been left at large after some time.
It is yet to be seen how that how this tragedy and moral cataclysm of all times is going to be dealt with by the authorities in Pakistan. The whole country is in a state of grave shock and utter grief. There seems to be a callous lukewarm response from various official quarters that seem to be pushing this incident into a labyrinth of rules and regulations and eyewitnesses and so one.
A child at the stage of puberty or adolescence, not to speak of minor boys or girls of tender age have neither the sense nor the muscular power to withstand and resist to protect their honor.   Just feel their helplessness and utter lack of defense while surrounded by these human hounds forcing him or her to commit the sexual act. We have seen i with anger and tearful eyes in the video made by these devils the way rose like children being disrobed and tormented by foulest of means. 

During the past we have seen in the ghastly television clips, the dead bodies the tender female children between 5 to 10 years who died from sexual brutality of a street shopkeeper, a religious tutor of Qur'an or normal teacher in a school or roughneck thugs way-laying students going to or coming from school.  
Even there have been countless incidents in which a neighbor raped an innocent child who had come to meet his or her friend from the adjacent house. Due to the nature of disgusting act or for fear the children cannot disclose to their parents the ugly incident that would haunt them and hang on their mind for the rest of their lives.
The latest case that has been most painful, distressing and diabolic is that of Zainab who was not only raped but was killed to erase the evidence. Like Zainab and other countless minor girls and boy become victims of the savage rapists every now and then but cannot speak out for fear or the shame that is inherent in such ghastly incidents. The killer rapist as been caught and the Lahore High court awarded his
Zainab's rape and murder last month had sparked outrage and protests across the country after the six-year-old, who went missing on January 4, was found dead in a trash heap in Kasur on Jan
Imran Ali Naqshbandi, accused of the rape and murder of Zainab in Kasur, has confessed to raping and killing at least six other girls as well. Lahore High Court (LHC) against the verdict that handed him death penalty on four counts
Kasur district was previously at the center of a child sexual abuse scandal in which a gang of up to 25 men was accused of blackmailing scores of children into making sex videos between 2009 and 2014. The abuse was uncovered in 2015 and a number of suspects were arrested.
The most vulnerable among the children are those who   go or sent by their elders to nearby shopkeepers or vender for cigarettes, eatable or grocery or other similar items.it depends upon the morality or conduct of the street shop-keepers and kiosk owners to call the buyer children inside the shop, close it for some time and do their satanic   crime. In many cases the child even may not be aware as what gross perfidy was done to her or him. The culprit may give them some sweets or cookies to keep quiet and secondly to come again for a satanic deal.
Several such incidents in which the heinous molesters were caught because of the news broken by the child or due to body injury or the death as a result of odious act. We have seen on the television that among those who were caught there were elderly and bearded white collared perpetrators.
Secondly for the young and innocent children who go to the house of neighbor also become the victim of molestation by a married or unmarried young boy or an adult. Those children who are sent to the house or school for after school time coaching also fall prey to rape and molestation by the male tutor. Such incidents are not reported by the perpetrators and the victims. However, in later part of the life some of the children may fall into the habit of passivity or by was homosexuality, company or dope and intoxicants. They may also turn into molesters as a matter of revenge or just by habit.
It is therefore imperative that the parents never send their boy or girls to corner kiosks or vender.  Nor should they send them alone or unmarried tutor for additional coaching after school hours. Even if such a tutoring is essential the wards and adult member of the family should escort them and wait by the side till such a coaching or tutoring is over.
It should also be ensured that a child is not alone at night as a guest with someone who is not close or nearly relative. It is absolutely imperative in case of young girls who can become the victim if such a barbarity even by a near relative or a friend or acquaintance.
While sending them to neighborhood vender should never been contemplated, also don’t send them to main markets alone for buying anything ranging from toys to meat or fruits and vegetables. Please never send your wards who are innocents to market place where they can fall victim to the lust and animal desire of anyone.
Also, if you want your children to be safe from the molestation and becoming victim of sexually pervert religious teacher. We are aware that many such despicable acts taken place in the residential religious school or hostels. At night the young boys become entirely at the mercy of bearded young or the middle-aged custodian or warden. These boys feel no compunction in what a religious instructor did to them. In return they do the same when some of them enter the religious realm and take charge of the food, education and custody of the children who are sent to such institutions either because of poverty or religious teachings and knowledge.
In the western societies particularly in the Scandinavian countries the homosexuality and marriage between the same sex is permissible. The gay community is protected by the law to do whatever they like to pursue by way of sex. In several countries including United states and United Kingdom, the gays and transgender person can join the army.
But the eastern societies with brand of Islam or religion shirk away from such pursuit which in the advanced and western societies is considered as the civil rights of an individual be it male or female they way they want to spend their lives. For transgenders there is no way-out to satisfy their carnal urges that meeting each other and indulge in pursuit of fulfilling their sexual urge.
We have read that in primitive societies the sex or courtship with males by the dominant individuals or even between the counterpart was rampant. This we know that many civilizations doomed who were in the habit of male prostitution by the divine curse or otherwise.
The young school boys who proceed for a sight-seeing, educational tours or the outdoor pleasure trips fall in the habit of homosexuality or become their victims of their guide from school and institutions. This can be exclusive to the male boys. As far girls there cannot be courtship between them but that liberty gives them to talk and indulge in activates less than actual intercourse. 
Lately the internet and cell phone has opened an unlimited and unremitting reservoir of sexual and carnal stuff and scenes and visuals to the whole generations whether, male, female, young of adult a minor boy or a girl. No check can be mounted on them by viewing that part of cell phone or even YouTube r other channels the naked bodies and even the gross sexual intercourse.
As such we should focus on inculcating a sense of caution and awareness among the young lot as to what was religiously and civilly permissible, what was right and what was wrong. What should be views in the cell phone and cassettes and videos. To give a cell phone to young boy or girl is sure recipe and blank permission to them to watch and even practice what they see by way of sexual activities in the internet outlets one of which is the cell phone.
it is imperative and urgent to award the maximum sentences and penalties to the perpetrators of molestation of the tender and young boys and girls. If the victim is alive let the culprit sent to the jail for a few years. In case of death and injury taking place or willful murder of the sexual victims, a summary trial and with full proof they should be either sent for life time sentence or sent to gallows. That is the only way to eliminate this most heinous crime of molesting young boys and girls who would be not only innocent and unaware of what was being done to them.
The civil society should come out up in arms and with an unremitting spell of protests and agitations till such time that not only these sex maniacs are sent to hell and a foolproof system is put in place for definitive stoppage of this loathsome crime and ensured retribution to the monstrous sex offenders. 

Friday, March 30, 2018

President Trump Zeroes-in on Pakistan

By Saeed Qureshi

After announcing an unpredictable list of sanctions and issuing threats to a host of countries both friendly and unfriendly, President Trump is on the move to wreck the long-standing relationship between USA and Pakistan. President Trump’s attitude towards Pakistan has been hostile for many years even before assuming the presidency of the United States
The Trump Administration is considering to revoke Pakistan's status of a major non-NATO ally and imposing political penalties on Islamabad for allegedly harboring Afghan extremist elements”, the US Foreign Policy magazine said in its report.
"Amid growing frustration on Capitol Hill, the Trump’s deputies are weighing unprecedented political penalties on Islamabad for harboring Afghan militants waging war on the US-backed government in Afghanistan," the report claimed.  
"We are prepared to do whatever is necessary to protect US personnel and interests in the region," the magazine quoted a senior administration official, who requested anonymity, as saying.”
Lately the US imposed sanctions on seven Pakistani companies over suspicion of having links to the nuclear trade, potentially hurting Pakistan’s ambitions to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).
The companies had been "determined by the US government to be acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States," the US Bureau of Industry and Security, Commerce said in its report.
“The Trump administration is also considering to permanently cutting off the US military aid to Pakistan that was suspended two months ago.  besides imposing of visa bans or other sanctions on Pakistani government individuals in on the table. The Trump Administration has already temporarily withheld the $255 million aid, which was part of a $1.1 billion aid package authorized in 2016 by Congress.”
This harsh and hostile attitude towards Pakistan has come up despite Pakistan’ long standing multi-pronged cooperation with USA.  According to available figures “at least 60,000 people have been killed in Pakistan due to terror attacks since the beginning of the war on terror, while the economic losses have been measured at $120 billion. Since 2001, the country has also hosted millions of Afghan refugees who fled the war in Afghanistan.
If America ditches Pakistan unceremoniously, the vacuum is likely to be filled by China and Russia and other friendly countries in favor of Pakistan. Without involvement of the regional countries specifically Pakistan, America cannot attain its goals, if any, in Afghanistan. Pakistan’s logistic support is essential for any military operation against the Taliban and other similar factions. Thus, Afghanistan would again turn into a battlefield destroying the internal and the regional peace. Without any retaliation from Pakistan, the Taliban and other militant groups would revive their insurgency freely, ferociously and unsparingly against both the American forces and the sitting dispensation in Afghanistan.
Pakistan in any case should not delve in Afghanistan internal affairs or be a party anymore to fight the Taliban. This turn of events and America’s anti- Pakistan attitude and policies would be a blessing in disguise for Pakistan. Pakistan would be under no obligation to act as a mercenary for USA. At the same time the Taliban may get closer to Pakistan and discontinue or abandon their ruinous mayhem within Pakistan.
It has been seen that at the end of day, Pakistan gets a bad name as President Trump has hurled at Pakistan forgetting and overlooking what Pakistan did in Afghanistan and how much it suffered and how it is being humiliated under the new administration with Donald Trump as the president. Pakistan is a sovereign country and has the right to refuse to become the part and pawn in international rivalry between the bigger states.
Pakistan's role in the War on Terror is a widely discussed topic among policy-makers of various countries, political analysts and international delegates around the world. Pakistan has simultaneously received terrorists and commendation for its anti-terror efforts”.
If president Trump wants to put sanctions on Pakistan like he is doing with regard to many other countries including China and Soviet Union, let him go ahead with that decision. If such a tactic is to please India and pressure Pakistan to play the same role in Afghanistan as it has been doing in the past, let this counterproductive role be discarded for all time to come.
Pakistan is one country which has been playing as the second fiddle to America in curbing the terrorism in Afghanistan. I might differ with the term terrorism used for the religious bands and conglomerations fighting for the establishment and revival of the orthodox genre of Islam that was prevalent during the time of Prophet Muhammad and followed by his four pious successors or caliphs.
If hard conditions are imposed by President Trump then in that case, Pakistan can move towards the friendly Islamic countries and particularly China as well Soviet Union for a new relationship which would be more promising and profitable. I would suggest that notwithstanding the disliking and hostility of prime minister Modi, Pakistan should enhance its relations with India in the fields of cultural exchanges, mutual trade and business.  Kashmir is a thorny issue but that can be resolved mutually and amicably by both the neighboring countries and not with the intervention of the third party.
Lately as part of her itinerary, the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs Ambassador Alice G. Wells is in Pakistan. After her meeting with Pakistan’s Foreign Secretary Tehmina Janjua, it was emphasized that the US and Pakistan had a long track record of cooperation. Ambassador Wells emphasized the importance of working together to achieve the common objectives of peace and stability in Afghanistan and the region. The two sides agreed to continue bilateral engagements at all levels. Hopefully, the ambassador Alice’s aspirations can also be shared by the Trump administration.

Friday, March 23, 2018

Being Rich and Poor

March 21, 2018

Sometime back I read an interesting column posted at Yahoo news under the caption, “Rags to Riches: Self-Made CEOs Who Started with nothing.” Among these fabulously rich persons there are some self- made wealthy individuals who were previously homeless. One of them, when he was homeless, even a penny was precious for him. Now with over 10 billion in his kitty, he can buy any material comfort under the sun. Even that desire must have reached a saturation point. With a mountain load of money, the only drive that remains with him is to swell the wealth further.
There is gainsaying that beyond a certain benchmark the wealth loses charm even for the gubernatorial wealthy people. Yet the only penchant that remains with them is to enhance the volume of their opulence. It could be portrayed as a sort of situation to be diagnosed as the wealth fatigue or disenchantment except an unflinching urge to add more wealth.
The wealth or money, in simple terms, is a great vehicle and instrument to make the best out of this limited and ephemeral life. The poverty simply is a curse that deprives a man even of the easy attainment of basic needs or comforts that are essential to lead a normal life. The disparity and disequilibrium in possession of wealth or means of buying in various societies  are so glaringly poles apart that one feels aghast at the yawning gap between the haves and have-nots or the poorest and the wealthiest in the society.
This should be the dream for a person like me living on a paltry monthly income of $ 1000 as to own personal jet aircrafts, or fly in first class, reside in palatial mansions, own the costliest cars, rub shoulders with top aristocracy and elite classes, oblige politicians with hefty donations and lord over a huge network of business and an army of subordinates.
For countless humans around the globe to come home at dusk with some basic food items to feed his children besides himself and his wife is a tall order. He or she has to jump out of their rickety beds the next morning, set off for the work that is as monotonous, and as dull and low as dish -washing and sweeping the streets or to guard a property of a rich person. This insipid yet forced routine continues for decades until he retires and starts a new phase of life with wrinkles on his face, aging frame of body and aimlessly brooding and waiting for the monthly stipend checks to come. In essence, the life pattern remains the same except the passage of time that has sapped his energies and freshness of youth and he is gradually drifting to his end.
There are many billionaires who were born in extremely poor families and had to go through very harsh, humiliating and trying conditions for survival. Goldman Sachs CEO Lloyd Blank Féin, Howard Schultz, John Paul Dejoria, Li Ka-Shing, Lloyd Blank Féin, Roman Abramovich, Sheldon Adelson, Slide pollajax, Ursula Burns, are some of the names of the persons who are known as self-made billionaire CEOs and who started with nothing.
For instance Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz, grew up in a cramped two-bedroom apartment in New York City, saw his father lose his delivery job after breaking his ankle. Lloyd Blankfein, the head of one of Wall Street's most profitable firms, Goldman Sachs, is a Brooklyn native, who learnt the value of a dollar "three cents at a time carrying trays of soda at Yankee Stadium."
The CEO of the multi-billion-dollar software empire, Oracle, Larry Ellison the sixth wealthiest person in the world at the outset ended up going from one odd job to another, with just enough to survive on fast food and buy gas. Li Ka-Shing the wealthiest self-made billionaire in Asia with a net worth of $21 billion, was forced to quit school after his father died of tuberculosis, eventually finding work in a plastics factory where he worked 16 hours a day.
Take John Paul Dejoria, the co-founder and CEO of John Paul Mitchell Systems, for example. Dejoria twice found himself homeless. Finally, he pulled himself out of homelessness to have his products land in almost every top hair salon in the world.
All these people were paupers to begin with. However, with a mix of innovative mind, unwavering determination, and good luck, they finally became billionaires. There are innumerable stories of such persons who in their early life were starving, were homeless, or possessed very meager means of sustenance. However, today they not only roll in money but also are increasing their wealth by leaps and bounds.
But these are the stories of a few individuals. The countless millions on the planet sleep hungry or without a proper meal. The luxuries of life as enjoyed by others with abundant or modest means are far away from these wretched or scum of the earth. Clean water, cool air and cozy and private environ of a home are simply unachievable fantasies for them. Such is the paradoxical cleavage of inequality of wealth among the human being.
I have seen even in America, otherwise a leading affluent country, the human scavengers waiting outside the restaurants and eateries for the surplus of waste food to be thrown into the dumpster. They pick it up and eat without ever thinking these could be contaminated or would pose health hazard to them. This practice of finding wasted and discarded food for filling the furnace of belly is common phenomena all over the world.
If you have to see its fullest view, then go to any third world country, where food and jobs are scarce and hunger and starvation are rampant. This saddening spectacle is seen even in rich societies despite the fact that there are countless food banks and emergency food centers that cater to the helpless hungry human beings. In every city of America, there are agencies that distribute food to the hungry and indigents round the year.
There have been innumerable famines in the known history of humankind. These famines ravaged and killed millions of human beings. To survive desperately, hungry people ate the dead animals, stubs, and stock of the plants, the reptiles, and even the dead humans. The French Revolution took place because of hunger and high cost of bread and food. During one of the Pharaohs times the enslaved people ransacked the palace, forced the king to run away and the stocks of the grains were looted. Such is the power and compulsion of hunger.
In the Indian sub-continent alone 60 million people had died due to 15 famines from 1770- 1944. African continent has always remained in the grip of famines from ancient to the present times. However, even in such sullen societies the wealthy and rich people still survived and enjoyed life while the common people died because of starvation. The extravagant lifestyle of French nobility before the “French Revolution” in comparison to the impoverished and downtrodden people offers the glimpse of that contrast.
Third world countries like Pakistan, India and Bangladesh and also the entire African content have wealthiest families and individuals. Most of them are in business and some have been holding prestigious and powerful executive positions which they exploited to enhance their wealth and opulence. Now these people would rather have seen the wealth being put in their accounts or kept in their personal custody. But they would not restore that wealth to the national exchequer or give away a part of that for the uplift of the poor and financially backward classes and sections. Such is the deep-seated aversion by the rich for the dispossessed and demonstration of a despicable tendency to not donate it or part of it to the needy and deprived sections of the society.
In Pakistan the wealthiest families have amassed their wealth through devious or questionable channels. But they invest that money into such ventures that brings them more wealth astronomically. The political power wielders such as Sharif Family, Zardari and others keep accumulating their wealth by hook and crook and use that for winning votes and remaining in power as long as they wish to. The political stalwarts remain hand and glove with the industrialist, mill owners, the business tycoons, the property and land czars and keep hoarding money perpetually.
The laws and taxation system and accountability are the weakest institutions in Pakistan as well as in the other third world countries. These people pay meagre taxes. Since they would be in power and institutions are vulnerable they escape and no one can catch them and force them to pay the taxes and duties which a low-level trader or a shop owner does.
The problem with the developed countries such as USA and the west Europe is such that the law there doesn’t give leeway to the wealthy to escape from the back-doors and violate the rules and caveats. The payment of taxes is incumbent upon everyone. If someone would be found manipulating or concealing taxes and duties he or she can face heaviest fines and terms in jails. That is why those countries are running on firm footing and going ahead on the road to further advancement in all domains of national development and reconstruction.
There are 34 richest families in Pakistan. The wealth of some these families ranges between Rs, 50 billion to 200 billion. Among these Mian Mansha is on top with Rs. 200 billion (1.9 billion U.S. dollars) He is followed by Asif Zardari with Rs. 189 billion (1.8 billion US dollars) stashed in businesses, ownership of properties and solid cash in banks in Pakistan and abroad.